A landlocked country in South Asia, Bhutan is exposed to natural hazards, including floods, landslides, earthquakes, glacial lake outburst, and droughts.?Flooding and landslides are risks to the population during monsoon season, normally June-August. The 2016 monsoon affected almost all of Bhutan, with landslides damaging major highways, bridges, and smaller roads, causing damages close to $800 million.? 

Some 110,000 Bhutan refugees, mostly ethnic Lhotshampa, remain outside the country. Forcibly evicted from Bhutan in the 1990s, they lived in seven camps in Jhapa and Morang districts, eastern Nepal. An IOM/UNHCR resettlement campaign that began in 2008 saw more than 100,000 of them resettled to third countries. As of December 2018, between 2,000 and 6,500 refugees remained in Nepal’s Sanischare and Beldangi camps.? Refugees in Nepal are not allowed to work in the country and are almost entirely dependent on international assistance.? 

For 2019, INFORM rated Bhutan's risk of humanitarian crisis as low, at 3.0/10.? Nevertheless, WFP assessed that Bhutan still lacks the necessary data information systems, response plans and coordination systems to adequately prepare for emergencies.?