The Sahel region has been increasingly impacted by the presence and activities of Islamist armed groups whose influence reaches from the regions bordering Mali to others closer to the capital and toward the east of the country, in the regions bordering Niger.? Most of the attacks carried out in the country are attributed to Ansaroul Islam and the Support Group to Islam and Muslims (JNIM). Since 2015, more than 285 people were killed in attacks led by those groups.? Increased violence in 2019 led to the displacement of over 28,000 people since January, bringing the total of internally displaced to over 75,000.? On 11 January, the State of Emergency declared on 31 December was extended for six months in 14 provinces mainly located in the Boucle du Mouhoun, Nord, Sahel, and Est regions.?

INFORM measures Burkina Faso’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5.1/10. A lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are all at concerning levels, at 6.1/10 and 5.8/10 respectively.?

Latest Developments

19/02: On 15 February, five people were killed during an attack in Bittou, near the Ghanaian border, the first attack in Centre-Est region. Some 101,000 people have been displaced by violence in the country, mostly in the Sahel, Nord and Centre Nord regions. Over half of the IDPs have been displaced between December 2018 and February 2019 alone.?

07/02: Four Red Cross staff disappeared on 2 February while driving in Soum province, Sahel region. The Red Cross suspended its activities for two weeks in Soum province where more than 61,500 people remain displaced by violence.?

Key priorities

Food security is of particular concern in the regions affected by insecurity. More than 307,000 people were experiencing IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) crisis or IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) food security outcomes, a figure expected to rise to around 676,000 people during the 2019 lean season.

Protection is a priority for populations affected by insecurity, particularly in the Sahel, Nord, and Centre Nord regions where attacks against civilians have been increasing and where most of the displaced people are gathered. Some 25,000 refugees from Mali are also concentrated in those areas.  

Health needs are high as access to services is poor and insecurity has led to the suspension of services in several health centres. 

Information Gaps and needs

  • Information on quantified sectoral needs in Nord and Sahel regions is limited.
  • Limited or lack of information on access constraints for the population to humanitarian assistance and basic social services.