The conflict between the government and opposition armed groups, mainly the FARC, has led to more than 7 million people being internally displaced. Following the peace deal in September 2016 and the demobilisation of FARC combatants, other armed groups have continued fighting for control of territory and illegal activities. Forced displacement and landmine contamination are major concerns. In rural communities, armed group activity restricts movement and limits access to basic health services, crops, and labour markets, especially in the Pacific region. ? 54% of IDPs are Afro-Colombians and 25% are indigenous people. ? There are also an estimated 1.1 million Venezuelans in Colombia and most of them do not have adequate access to food, health, shelter and are also at risk of protection issues.
Colombia experiences frequent natural disasters. The rainy season from May to November typically results in flooding in many regions and thousands of people in need of shelter and NFIs. The Caribbean coast and Andean regions are usually the most affected by floods and landslides. El Niño phenomenon has also affected Colombia in the past with the country experiencing drought and forest fires.
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10, a slight increase from 5.4/10 in 2018. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.8/10 and 6.2/10.
11/05: The number of people affected by displacement and mobility restrictions in Jurado, Choco department from 26 April due to the presence and activities of armed groups has increased from 1,500 to 1,650 people. The people displaced are being hosted in the local school and in improvised shelters. Access to livelihoods is restricted and food distribution is a priority need. Lack of potable water is also reported. Children are particularly vulnerable and in need of health and psycosocial support. ?
09/05: More than 200 people were displaced from the rural community of El Bajito towards the centre of the municipality of Mosquera, Narino due to hostilities between dissident groups of FARC. An unknown number of people were also displaced towards Cauca department. Main reported needs are food and access to livelihoods. ?
Protection: Indigenous peoples and Afro-Colombians in western Colombia are particularly at risk of forced displacement and human rights abuses due to the presence of armed groups and landmines. Venezuelan migrants and refugees are also a very vulnerable group, often discriminated against and subjected to violence and exploitation.
Information Gaps and needs
- Limited information on sectoral needs of communities affected by violence, aside from displacement and protection.
- Lack of information on food, nutrition and WASH needs in hard to reach areas.
- Lack of information on specific needs of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.