The conflict between the government and opposition armed groups, mainly the FARC, has led to more than 7 million people being internally displaced. Following the peace deal in September 2016 and the demobilisation of FARC combatants, other armed groups have continued fighting for control of territory and illegal activities. Forced displacement and landmine contamination are major concerns. In rural communities, armed group activity restricts movement and limits access to basic health services, crops, and labour markets, especially in the Pacific region. ? 54% of IDPs are Afro-Colombians and 25% are indigenous people. ? There are also an estimated 1.1 million Venezuelans in Colombia and most of them do not have adequate access to food, health, shelter and are also at risk of protection issues.
Colombia experiences frequent natural disasters. The rainy season from May to November typically results in flooding in many regions and thousands of people in need of shelter and NFIs. The Caribbean coast and Andean regions are usually the most affected by floods and landslides. El Niño phenomenon has also affected Colombia in the past with the country experiencing drought and forest fires.
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10, a slight increase from 5.4/10 in 2018. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.8/10 and 6.2/10.
14/03: In San Calixto, Norte de Santander, 2,000 people are facing restricted mobility due to the presence of land mines. Some schools are inaccessible for this reason affecting around 250 children. Access to water sources and crop fields has also been affected. Inability to pursue agricultural livelihood activities is leading to food shortages and increased prices. ?
14/03: Since 28 February over 1,000 people from indigenous and afro-colombian communities in Boyaja, Chocó are affected by mobility restrictions due to clashes between the ELN and the AGC. Needs reported are protection, due to crossfire, threats and presence of land mines. Food assistance is also needed since access to fisheries and fields is restricted. Cases of malaria and illnesses related to malnutrition have also been reported. ?
07/03: Clashes since 18 February between the army and the ELN in Jiguamiandó, Chocó as well as the presence of UXOs in the area have confined around 350 indigenous people. Mobility restrictions affect access to food, healthcare and protection. ?
01/03: Heavy rains on 22-23 February caused flooding of the San Juan river in Choco department, affecting 30,000 people in 6 municipalities. 3,600 children still lack access to education after schools were also flooded. Restricted access to livelihoods and basic services is leading to increased needs for food, water and sanitation. ?
01/03: Between 24-28 February, wildfire destroyed at least 2,200 hectares of land in the mountain range of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta destroying 53 homes, agricultural crops, livestock and vegetation, and affecting over 2 000 indigenous people from the Anahuac, Kogi, Wiwa and Kankuamo ethnic group. ?
Protection: Indigenous peoples and Afro-Colombians in western Colombia are particularly at risk of forced displacement and human rights abuses due to the presence of armed groups and landmines. Venezuelan migrants and refugees are also a very vulnerable group, often discriminated against and subjected to violence and exploitation.
Information Gaps and needs
- Limited information on sectoral needs of communities affected by violence, aside from displacement and protection.
- Lack of information on food, nutrition and WASH needs in hard to reach areas.
- Lack of information on specific needs of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.