Violence in the Republic of Congo broke out following election-related protests in March 2016. An attack on governmental buildings in Brazzaville by the Ninja militia resulted in a government-led military crackdown in the Pool department. ? Severe clashes between government forces and the Ninjas have led to the displacement of thousands of people within the country. ?After a cessation-of-hostilities agreement was signed in 2017 the security situation stabilised in the Pool department and a significant number of people returned, leading to more humanitarian needs given most infrastructures were destroyed and services disrupted. Over 110,000 conflict-affected people need assistance due to the Pool crisis. ?

The Republic of Congo’s economy deteriorated severely in 2017: food production is below national requirements with only 2% of arable land currently under cultivation, covering 30% of the country’s food needs. In the Pool region, conflict has disrupted agriculture, which 90% of people in the area were reliant on. ?

Some 59,000 refugees are registered in Congo, most from CAR and DRC. 35,800 of the total number live in the northern part of Likouala department. ? 16,000 people arrived in Plateaux region from DRC following ethnic clashes in January 2019 and are hosted in remote areas. They lack access to water, food, and healthcare.?

INFORM measures Congo's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5.5/10, an increase from 5.2/10 in 2018. Congo's vulnerability is measured at 6/10.

Latest Developments

14/04: An outbreak of chikungunya affecting eight departments is ongoing. From 7 January to 7 April 2019, a total of 5272 suspected cases including 61 confirmed were reported. ?

04/01: 16,000 people recently arrived in Plateaux region from Mai-Ndombe province in Western DRC following clashes between the Banunu and Batende ethnic groups. The refugees are hosted in remote areas and lack access to water, food, and healthcare. In addition,10,000 people from the host community are also in need of humanitarian assistance. New arrivals are likely to follow. ?

04/12: As IDPs increasingly return to their villages of origin in the conflict-afflicted Pool region, humanitarian needs have increased and diversified. Both residents and returnees in the districts of Kindamba, Vinza, Kimba, Mayama, Mbandza Ndounga, and Goma Tse Tse are in need of safe drinking water, basic healthcare services, and education facilities. Food insecurity is also critical as harvests were interrupted for two years due to displacement.?

Key figures

  • 81,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 20,000 Refugees who fled to neighbouring countries  [?]
  • 110,000 People in need of humanitarian assistance  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: Livelihoods, food production, and markets have been severely disrupted by the conflict. ?

Protection: Extra-judicial killings, beatings, torture, and sexual and gender-based violence have been widely reported.? Lack of identification papers is of concern for IDPS. ?

Health: Health centres lack supplies, medicine, and personnel as healthcare was disrupted by the conflict.  ?

Information Gaps and needs

Due to restricted humanitarian access in the affected areas, there are significant information gaps regarding the population in need.

There has been no update on the cholera outbreak in Plateaux and Likouala since the end of May.

Key documents