Upon independence from Britain in 1960, Turkish and Greek communities clashed over constitutional changes, leading to the establishment of the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) in 1964.? 

Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the Republic of Cyprus, spread over two-thirds of the island, and the remainder administered by Turkish Cypriots. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriots declared an independent "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), which remains unrecognized internationally. The two sides are separated by a Buffer Zone crossing the island, which is controlled and monitored by the UNFICYP.? 

Cyprus is a destination country for refugees from the Middle East, although arrival numbers are low. In 2017, there were 1,078 new arrivals.?Between January and November 2018, some 937 migrants arrived in Cyprus. Turkey and Lebanon are departure points. One route from Turkey includes boats arriving to the northern part of the island, with migrants entering the areas controlled by the Republic of Cyprus through the UN Buffer zone.? 

For 2019, INFORM rated the risk of humanitarian crisis in Cyprus as low, at 2.7/10.?