Recurrent and severe droughts over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in Djibouti’s humanitarian situation, resulting in food insecurity and malnutrition. Around 200,000 people (21% of the population) faced severe food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) because of the drought in the first half of 2018.  Food needs are mainly concentrated in south-eastern border areas and in pastoral areas north of Obock.?? Prolonged drought has also resulted in high malnutrition rates across the country. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate countrywide is 17.8%. ? Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) appears to be declining in rural areas, but SAM rates remain high in refugee camps. ?

The population’s coping capacities have declined, causing rural to urban migration and leaving households unable to generate sufficient income to meet basic needs.

Djibouti is a major transit point for both migrants and refugees, whose presence has created additional pressure on the state’s limited capacity. There has been an influx of refugees from Yemen since the escalation of conflict there in March 2015. Additionally, Djibouti hosts long-term Somali, Ethiopian, and Eritrean refugees, as well as Djiboutian returnees from Yemen, and transiting migrants.

INFORM measures Djibouti’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5.4/10, an increase from 5.2/10 in 2018. Lack of coping capacity is of concern at 6.4/10, and vulnerability at 5.4/10.

Latest Developments

29/01: On 29 January two boats, one of which was carrying about 130 migrants, capsized off the coast of Godoria, Obock region due to excessive load and heavy swells. Coast guards rescued 16 survivors and 30 victims. IOM reports over 100 people missing. ?

Key figures

  • 27,800 Registered refugees and asylum-seekers  [?]
  • 244,900 People in need  [?]
  • 197,000 Food insecure  [?]

Key priorities

Food security, mainly in southeastern, northwestern and Obock regions.

Shelter in Obock and Djibouti City for new arrivals from Yemen.

Protection, mainly for new arrivals from Yemen.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Limited information on conditions in refugee camps.
  • Very limited WASH information.
Key documents