Egypt is a destination country along the central Mediterranean refugee route, with refugees arriving from the Middle East and East Africa.?247,142 registered refugees and asylum-seekers come from 58 different countries: the majority are from Syria (54%) followed by Sudan (17%), Ethiopia (7%), Eritrea (6%), and South Sudan (6%).?

There are no refugee camps and most refugees and asylum seekers live in overcrowded and poor neighbourhoods of cities such as Cairo and Alexandria, each of which hosts more than 88,000 refugees.?They reside in areas where local communities already struggle with high unemployment rates and poor access to basic services such as healthcare and education, compounded by Egypt’s worst economic recession in decades and dramatic price hikes for food and utilities.?

Humanitarian access: Continuing escalation of fighting between Egyptian forces and the Islamic State in the Al Arish, Rafar and Sheikh Zuweiyid areas of North Sinai poses an access constraint for humanitarians.?The operation has witnessed thousands of human rights violations, with the military accused of indiscriminately bombing civilian areas and conducting extra-judicial killings of residents. Stringent controls in the region prevent most media access.?

INFORM measures Egypt's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.8. Vulnerability is measured at 3.8/10.?

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key figures

  • 133,000 Syrian refugees in Egypt  [?]
  • 113,000 Syrian refugees unable to meet their basic needs  [?]
  • 85,000 Syrian refugee households forced to resort to negative coping mechanisms  [?]

Key priorities

Health and education: Healthcare and education are needed by refugees in overcrowded and impoverished urban centres.?

Livelihoods: The issuing of residency permits to Syrian refugees and asylum-seekers in Egypt represents a challenge in accessing economic opportunities.?

Information Gaps and needs

Data and information on specific sectoral needs of the Syrian refugees is limited, as they reside mostly in urban areas and mix with the host population.