The Eritrean government significantly restricts humanitarian access and there is very little information on humanitarian needs.?The country is governed by a one-party state, human rights are systematically repressed, extrajudicial killings are reported, and elections have not been held since 1993.
Since the re-opening of border crossings between Ethiopia and Eritrea on 11 September 2018 up to 15,000 Eritreans have crossed into Ethiopia, which now hosts an estimated 174,000 Eritrean refugees.?
Much of the country is affected by recurrent drought, which especially impacts semi-nomadic communities.?Domestic food production is estimated to only meet 25% to 50% of total food needs.?Dry conditions affect crops, water conditions and livestock, causing crop failure, water deficits and poor livestock body conditions. 23,000 children under five are likely to need treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2018.?The rural population is particularly affected by drought: less than half of rural families are able to access safe drinking water, and only 28% can access improved sanitation.?
Humanitarian access: Few humanitarian actors are allowed to operate in Eritrea. Authorities frequently deny access to human rights observers and researchers, suggesting a context of denial of needs. Entry into the country is limited and permission is required to travel outside of the capital Asmara. Mine contamination remains a concern. Information on the situation in the country is sporadic due to high access constraints, and there are information gaps.?
INFORM measures Eritrea's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5.5/10. Vulnerability is measured at 4.7/10.?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Access: Access to information and humanitarian access are extremely limited in Eritrea. Very little is known about humanitarian needs.
Protection: Torture, arbitrary detention, and indefinite national service are reported.?
Food security: Eritrea is a drought prone country. Some farmers report being prevented from harvesting or attending to crops due to mandatory national service, which in turn negatively impacts on food security.