Guatemala is situated between El Salvador, Honduras and Mexico, and forms part of the dry corridor of Central America. It has one of the region’s largest economies, however it is also one of the most socially unequal and most dangerous countries. ?

Despite significant progress made by the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) in combatting corruption, an ongoing struggle by president Jimmy Morales (who is currently under investigation) to remove the anti-corruption body from the country is ongoing. Organised crime and gang violence continue to put civilians at risk of harm.?

Guatemala is experiencing prolonged seasonal dryness which has caused crops losses in the west and is pushing people in several areas to resort to negative coping strategies. There has been an increase between January 2019 and February 2019 of the number of households facing IPC phase 2 and IPC phase 3. ?

In October 2018, an estimated 7,000-10,000 migrants left Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala to form two large caravans and multiple smaller groups travelling by foot towards the United States border. A smaller caravan headed north between 14 and 30 January 2019. The migrants aim to escape violence and persecution, improve their economic situation, or be reunited with their families. Around 12,600 migrants have crossed borders in Guatemala and Mexico or are now residing irregularly in those countries.?

The government, with the support of several INGOs, continues to respond to the Fuego volcano eruptions in June and November 2018.

The INFORM Index measures Guatemala’s risks and vulnerabilities related to a humanitarian disaster on a municipal level.?

Key documents

International Crisis Group


Criminal Violence and Central American Migration