Overview

Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. At least 2.6 million people Haiti are in need of humanitarian assistance as of January 2019.? The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile.?

Food insecurity persists in Haiti, and is driven by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions.? 

Haiti continues to fight outbreaks of cholera and diphtheria. The diphtheria outbreak began in 2014, while the cholera outbreak started in the aftermath of the destructive earthquake of 2010. Recurring natural disasters, as well as the weakness of Haiti’s health system, are contributing factors to the persistence of these diseases.?

For 2019, INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.5/10. The country scored particularly high in the "Lack of coping capacity" category, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

21/02: Widespread protests and road blocks have been reported in Haiti since January. Schools in the capital have closed, and hospitals have reported shortages of supplies. Between March and June 2019, the number of people projected to be in IPC Phases 3 and 4 food insecurity levels is estimated at over 2.6 million, or some 38% of the country’s population.? 

24/01: Approximately 386,365 people are in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) level of acute food insecurity, and some 1,872,616 people are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) level, between October 2018 and February 2019.?

30/10: Shelter needs remain the priority for humanitarian assistance for people affected by October 2018 earthquakes in Artibonite, North-West, and North departments. Overall, about 2,102 houses were destroyed and 15,932 damaged in the earthquake.?

25/09: Cholera outbreak in Haiti persists, as 179 new confirmed cases (four of which resulted in fatalities, CFR 2.23%) were recorded between 14 June and 19 September 2018 in several localities in Ouest department.?

Key priorities

Food security: Between March and June 2019, the number of people projected to be in IPC Phases 3 and 4 food insecurity levels is estimated to grow from 2.26 to over 2.6 million, or some 38% of the country’s population.?