Overview

Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. At least 2.6 million people Haiti are in need of humanitarian assistance as of January 2019.? The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile.?

Food insecurity persists in Haiti, and is driven by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions.? 

Haiti continues to fight outbreaks of cholera and diphtheria. The diphtheria outbreak began in 2014, while the cholera outbreak started in the aftermath of the destructive earthquake of 2010. Recurring natural disasters, as well as the weakness of Haiti’s health system, are contributing factors to the persistence of these diseases.?

For 2019, INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.5/10. The country scored particularly high in the "Lack of coping capacity" category, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

31/04: Poor households who have suffered from crop losses throughout 2018 are likely to engage in negative coping strategies to meet their food needs as they face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes until September 2019. ?

Key priorities

Food security: Between March and June 2019, the number of people projected to be in IPC Phases 3 and 4 food insecurity levels is estimated to grow from 2.26 to over 2.6 million, or some 38% of the country’s population.?