India is prone to natural disasters like droughts, flooding and landslidesOn 11 October, tropical Cyclone Titli made landfall on the coast of Andhra Pradesh before moving north-west, crossing north Andhra Pradesh and south Odisha with maximum winds of approximately 165 kmph. Strong winds and heavy rainfall have damaged around 29,000 houses and disrupted roads, communication and electricity supply across Odisha and Andhra Pradesh states, as well as tens of thousands of hectares of crops. Some 360,000 people, particularly from low-lying and coastal areas, were evacuated, but only 9,000 were still in relief centres as of 16 October. ? For more information on the impact of the cyclone go to the Special Reports tab to find our Briefing Note.

In August 2018, Kerala state has experienced the worst monsoon season since 1924, with exceptionally heavy rainfall (170% above normal). As of 28 August, over 1.4 million people have been forcibly displaced to 5,645 temporary camps, 480 people were killed, 140 injured, and 15 are missing. ? Go to the Special Reports tab to find our Briefing Note on the crisis. 

India estimates the number of Rohingya in the country to be around 40,000 including 18,000 Rohingya refugees who are registered with UNHCR.? In early January, over 1,300 Rohingya have crossed from India to Bangladesh following the deportation of 5 Rohingyas to Rakhine State in Myanmar on 3 January.? India’s Supreme Court allowed a first deportation of seven Rohingyas on 4 October, despite fears of reprisals in Myanmar.?

INFORM measures India’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 5.5/10 and 7/10 for Hazards & Exposure.?


Latest Developments

28/02: Rising tensions and military action in Pakistan and India-administered Kashmir is disrupting civilian life and raising protection concerns for residents of Kashmir valley and Kashmiris across the country. Cross-border fire exchanges and shelling has killed at least 8 civilians and has triggered the displacement of people living near the Line of Control, with some seeking shelter in Muzafarabad in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. ?

26/02: Following the 14 February suicide attack by the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) militant group Indian authorities arrested hundreds of people. Reported numbers range between 100 and 400 people. This has sparked protests in the region. On 24 February, at least 5 people were killed and several injured in protests and clashes with Indian security forces in Kashmir.? The Indian government announced it will send up to 10,000 additional troops to the Kashmir valley. This has triggered fears of renewed violence and led residents to stockpile food, medicines and fuel. On 26 February, India launched airstrikes on Pakistani territory, claiming to have hit a JeM training camp, in contrast, Pakistan said there were no damages or casualties. ?