India is one of the most-disaster prone countries in terms of number of disasters, people affected, and related mortality and economic damages.? Droughts, cyclones and floods often destroy or damage shelter, infrastructure and livelihoods and have a long-lasting impact on affected populations. In August 2018, heavy rainfall temporarily displaced over 1.4 million people in Kerala. ? In October 2018 tropical cyclone Titli damaged some 29,000 houses in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha state.? At the same time, several states in peninsular and north-east India are currently experiencing a mild to severe drought due to a underperforming monsoon season in 2018. ?
India also hosts refugees, asylum seekers and migrants, mainly from countries within the region including Myanmar, Afghanistan, China and Sri Lanka.? The government estimates the number of Rohingyas in the country to be around 40,000 including 18,000 registered refugees.? In early January, over 1,300 Rohingya crossed from India to Bangladesh following the second instance of deportation of Rohingyas from India to Rakhine State, despite fears of reprisals in Myanmar. ? Since mid-February 2019, the Kashmir conflict has seen a re-intensification. Rising tensions and protests amid the arrest of hundreds of people in Jammu and Kashmir and military action in Pakistan and India-administered Kashmir is disrupting civilian life and raising protection concerns for residents of Kashmir valley and Kashmiris across the country. ?
INFORM measures India’s risk of humanitarian crisis and risk to be relatively high at 5.5/10 and risk for hazard and exposure at 7/10. ?
No significant access constraints reported.
07/05: Cyclone Fani made landfall near Puri district, Odisha, on 3 May, affecting 10 million people and causing widespread damages to houses, infrastructure and agricultural land. Heavy rainfall and strong winds have also been reported from Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. At least 33 fatalities and 160 casualties have been recorded. Needs likely include shelter, food, livelihoods and WASH assistance.? For more information read our Briefing Note in the Special Reports tab.
29/04: 26 of 30 districts in Karnataka state in south west India are currently experiencing a drought. Below-average rainfall since September 2018 has decreased water reserves, which has a severe impact on agriculture and access to drinking water. At least 2,150 villages are facing acute drinking water shortages and displacement in search for water and livelihood opportunities has been reported. Needs are likely to increase over the coming weeks until pre-monsoon rainfall begins. Current response is reportedly limited. ?
18/04: Western, central and northern India has been affected by heavy rain, strong winds and dust storms since mid-April. As of 18 April, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan are the worst affected states, with up to 64 fatalities and widespread damages to houses, crops and infrastructure. Local government response is underway while more storms and heavy rain are expected in southern, southeastern, eastern and northern states over the following days.?
WASH: The main source of drinking water in rural India are tube-well and boreholes. Despite large-scale efforts to increase access to sanitation facilities, the practice of open defecation persists in rural India, increasing the health and protection risks, particularly for women. ?
Health: India accounts for more than one quarter of the global Tuberculosis burden and more than one third of the world’s malnourished children can be found in the country. ?
Food: 190,000,000 people are food insecure. Natural disasters like flooding can have a long-term negative impact on agriculture and rural livelihoods. ?
Information Gaps and needs
Limited information on humanitarian conditions and needs in Indian-administered Kashmir as well as on other vulnerable populations, such as migrants and refugees in the country.