Indonesia sits on the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’ and is prone to frequent natural disasters in the form of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, flooding, and tsunamis. Damages and fatalities resulting from natural disasters in 2018 were the highest seen since 2007, with over 4,200 people killed.?
The biggest disasters of 2018 were the series of earthquakes affecting Lombok (West Nusa Tenggara province), the tsunami in Central Sulawesi, and the Sunda Straits tsunami caused by the Anak Krakatoa eruption. The government disaster agency and national NGOs with input from international donors and a few select international agencies continue to respond to these disasters.?
Violence spiked in the independence conflict between West Papuans and the Indonesian state in late 2018, and thousands of people were reportedly displaced by violence between December 2018 and February 2019. Information about the extent and nature of violence and associated fatalities is very hard to verify because access to West Papua for international media, human rights groups, and NGOs is restricted. However, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed concern relating to an increasing crackdown on Papuan protests with arrests by Indonesian security forces.?
INFORM measures Indonesia’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 4.7/10.
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.