Mozambique is exposed to extreme climatic conditions and hazards such as cyclones, storms and flash floods. Drought also occurs, primarily in the southern region. The recurrence of these events has increased population’s vulnerability with detrimental effects on food security and nutrition. Climatic prediction for the 2018-2019 rainy season indicates normal to below normal rainfall for the southern and central regions, and normal to above normal rainfall for the northern part. The likelihood of an El Niño event in 2019 poses a high risk to the cropping season, especially in the southern drought affected regions. An estimated 2 million people are severely food insecure (IPC 3 and above), including some 800,000 in need of life-saving assistance. The most affected provinces are Gaza, Cabo Delgado, Inhambane, Sofala and Tete.
An Islamist insurgency is ongoing in Cabo Delgado since October 2017, with militants carrying out violent attacks against villages, burning houses, killing people, and leading to thousands of people displaced. The army’s response has driven further abuses and protection needs on the local population by security forces.
On 22 January Tropical Storm Desmond caused heavy flooding in Beira, Chinde and Quelimane and displaced approximately 120,000 people across Zambézia, Sofala, Manica and Tete provinces.
INFORM measures Mozambique’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 6/10, the same as in 2018. Mozambique’s vulnerability is measured at 6.5/10 and lack of coping capacity at 6.6/10.
19/03: Tropical Cyclone Idai hit the coastal city of Beira on the evening of 14 March. So far 202 people have been reported dead and more than 1,500 people injured, but the toll is increasing. 600,000 are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance. Homes, health and education facilities have been severely damaged or destroyed. Many roads are flooded and impassable, isolating communities in and around Beira. Heavy rains forecast until 21 of March are increasing the risk of more flooding, particularly along the Buzi and Pungoe river basins, potentially affecting 350,000 people. ?
21-24/02: On 21 February, Islamist insurgents attacked a foreign gas company convoy travelling between Mocimboa da Praia and Afungi, killing one person and injuring six. Three more attacks followed on the 24 February on communities in Mucujo and Quelimane, Cabo Delgado resulting in four people killed and 20 injured. ?
Food security: mainly in Gaza, Cabo Delgado, Inhambane, Sofala and Tete.
Protection: needs driven by attacks by the Islamist insurgency on village in Cabo Delgado.
Water: only half of the population has access to improved water supplies, with a large disparity between urban and rural areas.
Information Gaps and needs
- Very little information on protection issues related to clashes between Renamo and Frelimo.
- Media coverage of the fighting against the Islamist group in Cabo Delgado is barred, with journalists being intimidated and detained.