Overview

At least 941,000 people in Myanmar are in need of assistance. The driver of humanitarian needs is the longstanding conflict between the Myanmar Army and various ethnic armed groups.?

In Rakhine conflict escalated in August 2017 when ARSA fighters attacked police and military posts. The army retaliated with a violent crackdown against the Rohingya population, causing over 700,000 people to flee to neighbouring Bangladesh, adding to the approximately 200,000 refugees that were already living in Cox’s Bazar. In January 2019, fighting between the Myanmar Army and the Arakan Army escalated in Rakhine’s Buthidaung Township, causing some 5,000 people to flee. More than 240,000 people remain internally displaced due to conflict in Rakhine in 2019.? 

About 105,138 people are internally displaced in northern Shan and Kachin states due to conflict. Almost 38,000 people, or 35% of the IDPs, live in non-government-controlled areas, where access is limited or restricted.?

For 2019, INFORM measures Myanmar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.6/10. The country scored particularly high in the "Hazard and exposure" category, at 8.6/10.?

 

Latest Developments

14/03:  Clashes between Arakan Army (AA) and Myanmar Army continue in Rakhine state and southern Chin state with skirmishes in several townships over the last two weeks. An attack of the AA on a police security post killed nine police officers in Ponnagyun township on 9 March. Myanmar Army has sent over 8,000 troops to northern Rakhine over the past two months indicating a buildup of forces. An estimated 6,000 people have been displaced since the fighting started in December. Humanitarian access to the affected area remains severely restricted. ?

26/02: Ongoing fighting in Rakhine State between the Tatmadaw, the official armed forces of Myanmar, and the Arakan Army (AA) has displaced over 400 villagers, the majority of whom are women and children, to Mrauk-U township. The IDPs are in need of food assistance. Humanitarian access to the area remains limited after the Rakhine government banned most humanitarian aid groups last month. ?

Key figures

  • 941,000 People in need  [?]
  • 925,736 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar  [?]
  • 244,483 IDPs in Myanmar  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: at least 823,600 people living in conflict-affected areas are vulnerable to food insecurity.?

Health: approximately 941,300 people in conflict-affected areas of Myanmar face difficulties in accessing healthcare services.? 

Information Gaps and needs

  • Access constraints in Rakhine state prevent a clear indication of needs among the Rohingya 
  • Access constraints in Kachin and Shan states make it difficult to assess the needs of IDPs in the area
  • Protracted IDPs in southeastern states are provided aid by a durable solutions framework; updates on their needs are infrequent.
  • Limited information is available on nutrition levels