Nepal is one of the world's most disaster prone countries due to its location and climatic conditions. Earthquake, landslides, floods, fire and thunderstorms affect the country every year leading to loss of lives, severe damage to infrastructure and disrupting the economic development of the country, thus increasing the population's vulnerability. In 2015, a 3.8 magnitude earthquake struck in the Gorka district and affected 50 out of 75 districts in the country. 9,000 people were killed and 22,000 injured and some 3.5 million people were made homeless. Recovery from the earthquake is still ongoing in some areas. Nepal was also strongly affected by flooding due to the August monsoon rains in 2017 that impacted 35 districts. In the southern Terai region, an estimated 1.7 million people were affected, of which 400,000 displaced and at least 300,000 people were in need of priority food assistance. Some 250,000 houses were reportedly damaged or destroyed, leaving people highly vulnerable.

INFORM measures Nepal's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5/10. Nepal's vulnerability is measured at 4.3/10, hazard and exposure is measured at 5.2/10 and lack of coping mechanisms at 5.7/10. ?

Latest Developments

09/04: Following the storm that hit Bara and Parsa villages on 31 March, there is a high risks of disease outbreak due to lack of shelter, water and sanitation facilities. NFIs, especially mosquito nets, and cooked food are urgently needed. The presence of mosquitoes is increasing due to rising temperatures.  ?

03/04: Heavy rainfall, thunderstorms and strong winds in southern Nepal between 31 March and 1 April injured 668 people and killed 27 in Bara and Parsa districts. Uprooted trees and fallen electricity poles are blocking several roads. ?

05/02: Nepal has decided to resume talks with Bhutan for the repatriation of the remaining 6,500 Bhutanese refugees in the country. WFP suspended food distribution in December, UNHCR also declared the third country resettlement program concluded. Humanitarian conditions in the two refugee camps in Jhapa are likely to deteriorate in case of a delayed agreement. ?