Conflict is the major driver of the humanitarian crisis throughout the country. In the northeast, the Boko Haram (BH) insurgency has affected more than 14 million people, and more than eight million are in need. After 10 years of conflict the group continues to carry out high-profile attacks against the military and civilians in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states. ? Attacks against military personal and civilians have recently increased. ? Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement: it has disrupted food supplies, hindered access to basic services, and limited agricultural activities. 

Conflict between herders and farmers in Nigeria’s Middle Belt and southern states has been growing increasingly violent. ?Farmer-herder clashes have left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018. ?
Households affected and displaced by intercommunal conflict face greater food insecurity and are at risk of sexual and gender based violence. ? 

NFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as 'high', 6.3/10, and its coping capacity index is 6.5/10. ?

Latest Developments

20/05: Cattle theft, armed robbery and hostage-taking for ransoms in Zamfara and Sokoto states has led to significant displacement and in the last ten days over 20,000 refugees have arrived in Maradi, Niger, where they are staying with the local population. Refugees are likely to be in urgent need of basic services. Needs assessments in Maradi are ongoing. ?

Key figures

  • 10,200,000 People in need countrywide  [?]
  • 1,920,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 6,900,000 People in Need of Health Services  [?]
  • 5,200,000 People in Food Insecurity  [?]
  • 7,700,000 People in need in northeastern nigeria  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: 5.2 million people are estimated as severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3 to 5).

Protection: 5.8 million people are in need of protection assistance in 2018, especially in northeast Nigeria.

WASH: 2.9  million people in northeast Nigeria are in need of safe water in 2018.

Nutrition: 3.5 million people are in need of nutrition assistance in 2018.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Information on inaccessible areas is difficult to obtain. Population estimates regarding newly accessible areas vary considerably.
  • Estimations on nutrition are inconsistent.
  • Information for child protection and GBV has been underreported due to the associated sensitivities.?
  • Figures on detained or missing people have not been systematically collected.?