Overview

Some 5.3 million people have been displaced due to the ongoing conflict between the government of Pakistan and militants in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) since 2008. About 194,300 people (29,000 households) are still displaced in KP and former Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). In the disputed region of Kashmir conflict flares up sporadically at the Line of Control dividing Pakistan and India.

Around 3.2 million people are in need of humanitarian aid in Pakistan. The security situation is volatile due to militant attacks in urban centres and military operations against the Taliban in the tribal areas. 300,000 people are displaced within KP and FATA. The needs of IDPs and Afghan refugees in KP are of particular concern. Additionally 1.39 million registered and 25,135 undocumented Afghans live in Pakistan. ?

Drought is increasing the vulnerability of households in Balochistan and Sindh province.  ?

Aid agencies in Pakistan are struggling to deliver assistance because they lack government permission to operate. Attacks on NGO workers by armed groups also occur.

INFORM measures Pakistan’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.4/10. Pakistan’s exposure to hazards is of particular concern, at 9/10.?

Latest Developments

14/03: Approximately 15,000 people remain displaced in Pakistan as a result of conflict at the Pakistan-India border region between late February and early March. Cross border shelling and airstrikes into Pakistani territory over the same period killed at least 7 people and injured 45, in addition to damaging around 100 houses.?

05/03: Heavy rainfall since the end of February has led to flooding in nine districts in Balochistan, as well as in neighboring provinces located along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. So far, at least 25 people have been killed, and approximately 500 houses have been damaged or destroyed. Flooding has also inundated roads and bridges, making it more difficult for responders to access the affected population.  Government authorities are currently providing shelter and food assistance to approximately 28,000 people.?

28/02: Heavy rains over the past week is causing flash floods affecting 40,000 people in several areas of Lasbela district, Balochistan. ?

26/02: Air strikes by the Indian armed forces on 26 February crossed into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, targeting the separatist militant group, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM). Tensions between India and Pakistan have been increasing since the suicide attack on 14 February. ?

Key figures

  • 3,200,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,394,000 registered Afghan refugees  [?]
  • 1,000,000 undocumented Afghans  [?]
  • 302,000 IDPs in KP and FATA  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: Protection issues in Pakistan concern mainly the situation of women and children, violence against minorities and refugees (especially Afghans), and violence against media workers. 1.4 million need protection assistance.?

Health: Inadequate facilities, lack of trained staff, and mismanagement has led to a spike in the caseload of some communicable diseases, especially dengue. 1.2 million are in need of healthcare.?

Shelter assistance is needed for 1.2 million people.?

Information Gaps and needs

Information is limited on displacement from shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Also humanitarian access is limited in the area.

Gaps exist in the reporting of the effects of drought on food security and malnutrition in the southeast of the country, in Sindh province.

The impact of the monsoon 2017 is unclear at the moment. There is a lack of data on priority areas for intervantion.

In Balochistan, there is an insurgency ongoing. The information on the impact on the civilian population is limited.