Overview

Rwanda has been politically stable since the 1994 genocide and made progress in its economic development and poverty reduction. Limited agricultural land, droughts, and floods as well as 150,000 Congolese and Burundian refugees pose risks to food security in the country. ? Agriculture is central to the Rwanda’s economy and 89% of rural households rely on small-scale farming.

Until September, minimal food insecurity outcomes (IPC 1) are expected throughout the country while localized areas are projected to receive above-average rainfall over March-May, posing risk of floods and landslides, and deterioration in food security to IPC-2 (Stressed) and IPC-3 (Crisis) outcomes.? Climate change will likely intensify rainfall and prolong dry seasons and thus increase flood risk in central north and south and droughts and desertification in east and southeast locations.? 

Most refugees staying refugee camps rely almost entirely on food assistance and only have limited access to electricity and clean drinking water. Whereas the majority of Burundians entered Rwanda after May 2015, most of the Congolese refugee population has been in Rwanda since 1996, and have limited prospects for repatriation. Political instability and insecurity may lead to more arrivals. ? 

INFORM measures Rwanda’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be at 5/10, scoring particularly high for vulnerability 6.4/10. ?

 

ACCESS SITUATION

No major access constraints reported.  

Key priorities

Food: Refugees, asylum seekers living in camps almost completely rely on food assistance.

Health: Ten districts in Rwanda are at high risk of cross/border Ebola transmissions DRC. Anaemia prevalence among refugee children under five remains high. 44.6% of children in Mahama and Nyabiheke  refugee camps are affected.

Livelihood opportunities are extremely limited for refugees living in camps. Rwanda has committed to promote economic inclusion and integration as part of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework.