Over the past decade, food insecurity in Senegal has been compounded by recurrent natural hazards. Drought in particular affects food production, access to markets, and livelihoods. High food prices, unstable household food production, and low resilience of the population worsen the situation. ? 814,000 people will require humanitarian assistance in Senegal throughout 2018. ?
300,000 people are categorised in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) food insecurity and in need of food assistance. The situation has deteriorated in 2018. ? Food prices rose faster than in previous years, hampering the livelihoods of a population already vulnerable to food insecurity. Over half of Senegalese spend more than 65% of their income on food? Senegal has been facing a serious malnutrition crisis since 2012. The nutritional situation has improved in the country compared with previous years, but when the lean season arrives 750,000 people will need nutritional assistance. ?
Climate change (resulting in rising sea levels and storms), rapid urbanisation, and inadequate sewage and drainage infrastructure exacerbate flood hazards. Flooding affects about 200,000 people every year, especially in urban coastal areas where 67% of the population lives. Needs for shelter often increase during the rainy season as floods regularly occur, damaging and destroying houses. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Food assistance to vulnerable households in the north, particularly in Kanel, Matam, Podor, and Ranérou. In Senegal, the agricultural sector employs 70% of the population and represents 17% of the GDP. Recurring climate hazards negatively impact the production of staple crops, the level of pasture growth, and livestock.?
Information Gaps and needs
There is a lack of updated information on displaced people.