Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), Islamic State (IS) and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.?3.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, have complicated the health crisis.?Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable.?Around 5.5 million people are in need of health assistance.?

4.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia, including 2.6 million displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.?From February to May 2019, 1.5 million people are expected to face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) levels of food insecurity.?294,000 children under the age of five suffer from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and 55,000 from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?

Humanitarian access: Access remains extremely limited due to violence towards humanitarian actors, insecurity, presence of mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), illegal checkpoints, bureaucratic impediments, under-developed infrastructure and natural hazards. Access by humanitarian actors to people in need, and the ability of people in need to access assistance and basic services, are severely constrained in most parts of southern and central Somalia and some parts of the north.?

INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10, the highest of any country. Vulnerability is measured at 9.4/10.?

Latest Developments

16/05: Food security and nutrition is deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia, where dry conditions persist, severely affecting crop and livestock production and disrupting livelihoods. The water shortage has also resulted in increased commodity prices and displacement of people. Household resilience has been undermined by recurrent climatic shocks, overstretched social support networks and declining humanitarian assistance. Approximately 1.7 million people are now estimated to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) between April and June. This figure is expected to increase to 2.2 million between July and September (40% higher than the estimate at the start of the year).?

Key priorities

Food security: 4.6 million people are food insecure across the country.

WASH: infrastructure requires maintenance, particularly in displacement settlements and areas affected by drought.

Humanitarian access: restrictions continue to affect aid delivery in south-central Somalia.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Lack of regular gender-sensitive needs assessments for sectors other than food security and nutrition.
  • No systematic explosive hazard survey has ever been conducted.
Key documents



Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard