Spain has become an important crossing points for migrants traveling via the Mediterranean and overland through Morocco. In 2018, a total of 65,383 migrants arrived to Spain, the majority by sea.  Nearly 60% of them came from three countries; Morocco (20%), Guinea (20%) and Mali (16%). In 2018 Spain became the Mediterranean country receiving the largest influx of migrants, taking over from Greece and Italy.
The shift in migration flows has put significant pressure on Spanish infrastructure and there frequently are not enough places to accommodate the refugees and asylum seekers. In January 2019, there were 4,612 land and sea arrivals to Spain. Along with concerns over shelter capacity there are growing protection concerns related to unaccompanied children who in December 2018, as well as groups with specific needs who might be vulnerable to SGBV and human trafficking.