Despite ceasefire agreements, armed groups are waging protracted insurgencies across Darfur, a scene of conflict for over a decade. Protection concerns increase as UNAMID withdraws its troops. ? The conflict situations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile increased significantly after South Sudan gained independence in 2011. Clashes have declined in 2018, yet, high levels of insecurity remain.? In October, the Sudanese government approved an UN-led initiative to allow humanitarian assistance to most vulnerable people in the SPLM-N controlled areas in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. However, humanitarian access to all conflict zones remain severely restricted and remains so despite efforts of the AU and UN. ?
Since 2018, Sudan faces severe economic challenges caused by an economic restructuring to access foreign exchange and governmental funds. As a result, severe shortages of food, fuel, and medicines are present as well as prices for basic commodities are skyrocketing, deteriorating nationwide food security and nutrition outcomes. Violent protests resumed in December 2018 causing further political instability for President al-Bashir 30 year autocratic regime. ?
Violence, food insecurity, malnutrition and lack of access to basic services have caused large-scale internal displacement. Additionally, Sudan hosts more than 1,095,000 refugees, including 852,000 refugees from South Sudan. ?Sudan is a key transit country for migrants from Horn of Africa heading to Europe. ?
INFORM ranks Sudan’s risk of humanitarian crises and disasters at high (7.1/10). Hazard, vulnerability and a lack of coping capacity are at alarming rates of 7.3/10, 6.9/10, and 7/10. ?
14/03: Outbreaks of several diseases, including many cases of acute watery diarrhoea, have been reported in the Jebel Marra area, which is still under control of the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Abdelwahid El Nur (SLM-AW). Main reasons for the rising caseload are shortages of medicines, lack of medical personnel and inaccessibility of medical treatment. Humanitarian access to Jebel Marra is severely restricted by government forces and continuous security concerns. The ongoing economic crisis is exacerbating the situation. ?
26/02: On February 22, President Al-Bashir replaced the federal and provincial governments with members of the military and announced a yearlong state of emergency that provides the government with the constitutional power to arrest people, restrict movement and seize property without explanation. Despite the announcement of banning all unlicensed gatherings, large protests are continuing countrywide. Protection concerns are high as protestors are often violently suppressed by government forces. ?
07/02: Coastal areas of Sudan have been impacted by a desert locust outbreak. Since January, 34000 ha have been affected. The impact on the ongoing harvest season is unclear. The infestation is expected to spread into the Nile Valley region. ?
Food security: From January to March 2019, approximately 5.76 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure. The most affected people are IDPs and host communities in conflict-affected areas. The economic crisis deteriorates the food security situation further as food prices are constantly rising. ?
Health: Outbreaks, especially waterborne diseases, are straining limited health services. Severe medicine shortages are reported countrywide. ? Health and hygiene promotion is needed to prevent the spread of diseases in many parts of the country. In total, 5.2 million are in need of healthcare. ?
Protection: Approximately, 3.9 million people are in need of protection. Civilians across Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile are at high risk due to continuous high insecurity levels ?
Information Gaps and needs
- Lack of regular gender-sensitive needs assessments in all sectors.
- Lack of information about the security situation in conflict-affected areas.
- Access to public services often remains unclear in rural and remote areas.