?At least 220,000 civilians have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011.? An estimated 13.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.? 6.2 million are internally displaced and 5.6 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan.?

The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting is ongoing. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army.

Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab army have been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the north east and north west remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups.

INFORM measures Syria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10.


Latest Developments

17/05: A new wave of barrel bomb attacks and artillery strikes in the opposition-held northwest has hit schools, medical facilities, markets and IDP camps, killing at least 170 civilians in the last three weeks. Some 180,000 people have fled their homes between 29 April and 9 May. Many people are without shelter, living in open spaces. Between 29 April and 9 May, 18 health facilities were attacked and are now out of service. At least three medical workers have been killed. The northwestern region was declared a demilitarised zone under a deal between Turkey and Russia in September 2018 which aimed to avert a government assault on the area. The Syrian government has stepped up their attacks claiming they have been targeting extremist groups in the area.??


Key priorities

Protection: 13.3 million people, including 5.5 million children, are estimated to be in need of protection assistance.

7.6 million people need acute WASH assistance.

Health: 12 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities, and fuel shortages further hamper access to health services.

Information Gaps and needs

Lack of access and insecurity are hampering the ability to carry out in-depth needs assessments. Very limited information available on the 135,000 people remaining in Afrin district and the remaining population in Eastern Ghouta.

Lack of access has resulted in very limited information on many hard-to-reach areas and areas where there are ongoing clashes. This includes locations in Dar'a, Idleb, Aleppo, and Deir-ez-Zor governorates. Lack of information on conditions in remaining IS-held areas can be attributed to fear of reprisals.