More than 200,000 refugees, mainly from Karen and Karenni minorities, have arrived in Thailand fleeing conflict and persecution in Myanmar since 1984. Since 2005, around 108,000 have been resettled in other locations, while around 18,000 have returned to Myanmar. More than 97,000 are still living in one of the nine camps located along the border. Main needs, including shelter, food, sanitation, healthcare and education, are covered by the humanitarian response.? 

In southern Thailand, an ethnic and religious separatist insurgency in the provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat  stretches back to 1948. The conflict resulted in decades of low-level violence before reaching a peak between 2004 and 2015. Since then, despite a decreasing number of attacks, the peace process has stalled  and sporadic violent events continue to threaten the stability of the area.? 

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked: 25/03

Key priorities

Food and Livelihoods: The conflict in the south of Thailand is likely to impact the livelihoods of the local population. At the border with Myanmar, the population living in the refugee camps rely heavily on humanitarian aid to meet their needs.