Uganda hosts over 1 million refugees and asylum seekers, the majority from South Sudan and DRC, but also from Burundi and Somalia. ? They are hosted in 30 settlements, primarily in Northern and Western regions?. South Sudanese and Congolese continue to arrive in low numbers. The continuous arrivals have strained Uganda's limited public services and local resources including land, firewood, and water, creating tension between refugees and host communities?. 70% of refugees are estimated to live below the national poverty standards?.
Chronic food insecurity is present at minimal levels in Uganda, mostly in Karamoja region where 40% of households are Stressed and 10-13% in Crisis, and in refugee settlements where access to land and livelihood opportunities are limited?. Reductions in food assistance for refugees who arrived prior to July 2015 result in many refugees, including children, eating only one meal a day? .
INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.3/10. Lack of coping capacity is of concern, at 6.9/10. ?
12/03: On 5 March 2019, the Uganda Ministry of Health reported two probable cases of pneumonic plague including one death, in Zombo District, West Nile sub-region. The infected people previously lived in Atungulei village in Mahagi District, Ituri Province, DRC. A total of 55 high risk contacts, including 11 health workers, have been identified. A national rapid response team has been deployed to the affected district for investigation, and to put in place isolation measures and awareness training. ?
Food security: Around 400,000 people are severely food insecure in Uganda. ? Without humanitarian assistance, refugees would likely go from Stressed to Crisis food insecurity levels. Food distributions for refugees are often delayed and/or insufficient. ?
Nutrition: Average GAM rates of 10-15% are common in most affected districts in Karamoja. ?SAM and GAM rates among refugees are of particular concern with a lack of food and/or nutritional diversity. ?Malnutrition rates among new arrivals from South Sudanese and DRC are critically high at 14.9% - 21.5% . ?
Information Gaps and needs
Information on protection issues and more recent updates on malnutrition rates amongst the refugee population is lacking.