Uganda hosts over 1 million refugees and asylum seekers, the majority from South Sudan and DRC, but also from Burundi and Somalia. ? They are hosted in 30 settlements, primarily in Northern and Western regions.?  South Sudanese and Congolese continue to arrive in low numbers. The continuous arrivals have strained Uganda's limited public services and local resources including land, firewood, and water, creating tension between refugees and host communities.? 70% of refugees are estimated to live below the national poverty standards.?

Chronic food insecurity is present at minimal levels in Uganda, mostly in Karamoja region where 40% of households are Stressed and 10-13% in Crisis, and in refugee settlements where access to land and livelihood opportunities are limited?. Reductions in food assistance for refugees who arrived prior to July 2015 result in many refugees, including children, eating only one meal a day.? 

The risk of measles, malaria, and cholera outbreaks is very high due to insufficient WASH facilities in reception centres and refugee settlements.    

INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.3/10. Lack of coping capacity is of concern, at 6.9/10. ?

Latest Developments

09/05: Due to increased violence in North Kivu, DRC, the influx of Congolese refugees to Uganda has increased by 33% in April compared to the previous month. Some border crossing points have been closed to avert the risk of uncontrolled entry, pushing more Congolese to enter Uganda via new, unattended informal ways, including crossing Lake Albert. Protection and health needs among the new arrivals are high. Despite good preparedness, risk of Ebola spreading into Uganda has increased.?

08/05: 100 displaced people in Buyenge and Kamili districts central Uganda are still homeless following the floods on 22 April caused by heavy rains. At least 10 villages have been affected leaving 18 people dead, 140 people injured. According to local media, the affected population, around 900 people, are still in need of shelter, food and livelihood assistance. Flood waters destroyed and damaged houses and crops and killed livestock. ?

Key figures

  • 2,300,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,240,000 Refugees  [?]
  • 808,500 Refugees from South Sudan  [?]
  • 332,500 Refugees from DRC  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: Around 400,000 people are severely food insecure in Uganda. ? Without humanitarian assistance, refugees would likely go from Stressed to Crisis food insecurity levels. Food distributions for refugees are often delayed and/or insufficient. ?

Nutrition: Average GAM rates of 10-15% are common in most affected districts in Karamoja. ?SAM and GAM rates among refugees are of particular concern with a lack of food and/or nutritional diversity.  ?Malnutrition rates among new arrivals from South Sudanese and DRC are critically high at 14.9% - 21.5% . ?

WASH: Among refugees, sanitation coverage is below 40%. ?Limited water points serve a large refugee population, leading to long waiting lines. ? 


Information Gaps and needs

Information on protection issues and more recent updates on malnutrition rates amongst the refugee population is lacking.