Since armed conflict between the government and pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk began in 2014, more than 3,000 civilians have died and some 9,000 have been injured.? The conflict affects 5.2 million people in eastern Ukraine, particularly those near the contact line that divides government-controlled areas (GCAs) and non-government controlled areas (NGCAs). ? The majority of people in need are located in the NGCA of Luhansk and Donetsk, many of whom are elderly and more vulnerable.
Despite ceasefire agreements, violations are regularly reported and critical civilian infrastructure like water and electricity systems are frequently damaged by shelling. Hostilities and the presence of landmines hinder repairs and maintenance work, exacerbating WASH needs in NGCAs in particular.? Older people are more likely to remain in these areas and are therefore disproportionally affected. ? The worsening socioeconomic situation and restrictions on movement have affected access to food and basic services such as education and health, limited livelihood opportunities, and triggered the displacement of 1.5 million people.?
INFORM measures Ukraine's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.2/10. Hazard exposure rating is also very high at 7/10.?
People living in the demilitarised area, which covers 15km on either side of the contact line, lack continuous access to assistance.? Access to NGCAs in particular is decreasing as bureaucratic obstacles are limiting the operations of humanitarian partners and restricting humanitarian access.? At the same time the Ukraine is one of the countries with the highest number of casualties reported from antivehicle mines and landmines, improvised mines and ERWs (429 in 2017). Demining efforts are slow as some affected areas are not under government control.?
07/03: Since the beginning of 2019, there has been a significant increase in measles cases. 21,000 cases and 7 related deaths have been reported country wide. Close to 55,000 cases were reported throughout the whole of 2018.?
Protection: Civilians on both sides of the contact line are affected by the conflict and are affected by mine contamination and almost constant ceasefire violations, particularly the 600,000 people who live within a 5km radius of the contact line.
Access: Active conflict, administrative obstacles, and long lines at crossing points between GCAs and NGCAs constrain access to basic services and hamper humanitarian service delivery.
WASH: Active conflict and mine contamination regularly prevents urgent repairs to critical civilian infrastructure, such as water facilities.
Information Gaps and needs
- Up-to-date information on needs in NGCAs of Luhansk and Donetsk is minimal as access is very limited.
- Humanitarian needs assessments often focus on needs in GCAs and NGCAs of Luhansk and Donetsk while there is little information on needs in Crimea.